Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of unsuspected Cushing’s syndrome among outpatients with type 2 diabetes. Design and Setting: This was a cross-sectional prospective study in 24 diabetes clinics across Italy. Patients: Between June 2006 and April 2008, 813 patients with known type 2 diabetes without clinically overt hypercortisolism were evaluated. Follow-up of the study was closed in September 2010. Patients were not selected for characteristics conferring a higher pretest probability of hypercortisolism. Patients underwent a first screening step with the 1-mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test. Results: Forty patients failed to suppress serum cortisol less than 5.0 g/dl (138 nmol/liter) and underwent a standard 2-d, 2-mg dexamethasone suppression test, after which six patients (0.6% of the overall series) failed to suppress cortisol less than 1.8 g/dl (50 nmol/liter), receiving a definitive diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome that was adrenal dependent in five patients. Four patients were cured, being able to discontinue, or reduce, the glucose-lowering agents. Conclusions: The present data do not support widespread screening of patients with type 2 diabetes for Cushing’s syndrome; however, the disorder is less rare than previously thought when considering epidemiology of type 2 diabetes. Our results support a case-finding approach in patients with uncontrolled diabetes and hypertension despite appropriate treatment.
|Titolo:||Screening of Cushing's Syndrome in outpatients with type 2 diabetes : results of a prospective multicentric study in Italy|
|Parole Chiave:||Diabetes type2; Cushing's syndrome|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/jc.2012-1323|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|