Off-diagonal geometric phases acquired in the evolution of a spin-1/2 system have been investigated by means of a polarized neutron interferometer. Final counts with and without polarization analysis enable us to observe simultaneously the off-diagonal and diagonal geometric phases in two detectors. We have quantitatively measured the off-diagonal geometric phase for noncyclic evolutions, confirming the theoretical predictions. We discuss the significance of our experiment in terms of geometric phases (both diagonal and off- diagonal) and in terms of the quantum-erasing phenomenon.
|Titolo:||Observation of off-diagonal geometric phases in polarized-neutron-interferometer experiments|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevA.65.052111|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|