Alterations in the luminal microflora and increased intestinal translocation have been reported to occur following experimental and clinical small bowel transplantation (SBT). Selective intestinal decontamination (SID) has been used to prevent luminal overgrowth and bacterial translocation. Despite the wide use of SID in clinical SBT, there are no data supporting its usefulness in this situation. Thus, the aim of this investigation was to examine the effects of cyclosporine A (CsA) and SID upon bacterial overgrowth and translocation in a swine model of SBT. Nineteen Large White female pigs weighing 30 +/- 2 kg underwent a total orthotopic SBT and were randomly allocated to one of the following experimental groups as follows: Group 1 (No. 8) CSA 25 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)/day administered subcutaneously and Cefazolin 2 g/day im. Group 2 (No. 6) received the identical immunosuppression but the Cefazolin 2 g/day im was discontinued on the 5th Postoperative Day (pod) and switched to a SID regimen consisting of Vancomycin, 1 g, Nystatin, 500,000 IU, Colistin, 1,500,000 IU, and Tobramycin, 100 mg, given through a gastrostomy tube. Group 3 (No. 5) received no immunosuppression but antibiotic consisting of Cefazolin 2 g im/day. Group 4 (No. 7) underwent a small bowel autotransplantation. Group 4 received SID as in group 2 but no immunosuppression was given. Finally, 17 normal animals were sham-operated and were used as normal controls (N group). The animals in groups 1, 2, and 4 were sacrificed on the 29th pod. Those in group 3 were sacrificed on the 7th pod.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Parenteral antibiotics and selective intestinal decontamination do not prevent enteric bacterial overgrowth or translocation observed in a swine model of small bowel transplantation / R. Biffi, G. Privitera, C. Matinato, S. Pozzi, L. Marzona, P. De Rai, B. Andreoni, G. Tiberio, E. Frezza, D.H. Van Thiel. - In: JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-4804. - 58:4(1995 Apr), pp. 391-394.
|Titolo:||Parenteral antibiotics and selective intestinal decontamination do not prevent enteric bacterial overgrowth or translocation observed in a swine model of small bowel transplantation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jsre.1995.1060|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|