We show that electron hopping in a lattice of molecules possessing a Berry phase naturally leads to pairing. Our building block is a simple molecular site model inspired by C60, but realized in closer similarity with Na3. In the resulting model electron hopping must be accompanied by orbital operators, whose function is to switch on and off the Berry phase as the electron number changes. The effective Hamiltonians (electron-rotor and electron-pseudospin) obtained in this way are then shown to exhibit a strong pairing phenomenon, by means of one-dimensional linear-chain case studies. This emerges naturally from numerical studies of small-N-site rings, as well as from a BCS-like mean-field theory formulation. The pairing may be explained as resulting from the exchange of singlet pairs of orbital excitations, and is intimately connected with the extra degeneracy implied by the Berry phase when the electron number is odd. The relevance of this model to fullerides, to other molecular superconductors, as well as to present and future experiments, is discussed.
|Titolo:||Enhanced electron pairing in a lattice of berry-phase molecules|
MANINI, NICOLA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.51.3731|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|