Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and/or RNA-based polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to analyze the breakpoints within the AML1 gene and the AML1 fusion transcripts in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Twenty-two patients presented with the simple t(8;21)(q22;q22) and one with a complex variant t(8;2;16;21). In eight cases we used FISH with AML1 cosmid probes on metaphase chromosomes as well as RT-PCR to detect the junctions of MAL1/CDR (ETO,MTG8). Five cases were analyzed by FISH alone and ten cases by RT-PCR alone. By FISH we could identify three groups according to the distribution of the fluorescent signal. Signals were found in group 1 on chromosomes 21 and 21q+, in group 2 on chromosomes 21, 21q+ and 8q- and in group 3 on chromosomes 21 and 8q-. In all groups we could detect an identical AML1/CDR fusion transcript. This transcript showed splicing of AML1 exon 5 onto CDR. Thus regardless of the heterogeneity suggested by FISH, all the breakpoints in the AML1 gene were clustered in the same intro between exons 5 and 6. Our results bring to over one hundred the number of t(8;21) cases in which an identical translocation could be detected at molecular level by RT-PCR. The high sensitivity of the technique makes it suitable for the diagnosis of this translocation in different stages of the disease. The impact of the molecular detection of t(8;21) cells in clinical remission as far as the treatment and the management of the disease are concerned deserves further discussion.
|Titolo:||Identical fusion transcript associated with different breakpoints in the AML1 gene in simple and variant t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia|
SACCHI, NICOLETTA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||AML; AML1 gene; FISH; RT-PCR; t(8;21)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|