The objective of this study was to estimate heritabilities and genetic correlations between milk-release parameters, somatic cell score, milk yield, and udder functional traits in the Italian Brown Swiss population. Data were available from 37,511 cows over a span of 12 yr (1997-2008) from 1,592 herds. Milking flows were recorded for each individual once during lactation. Three different analyses were performed to estimate variance components for all the traits of interest. The first analysis included single control data milk yield, somatic cell score, maximum milk flow, average milk flow, time of plateau, decreasing time, and total milking time, whereas the second analysis included milk-release parameters as well as total udder score, udder depth, and 305-d milk yield and somatic cell score as dependent variables. The third analysis included total milking time, 305-d milk yield and somatic cell score, total udder score, udder depth, and ratios of maximum milk flow over total milking time (R1), time of plateau (R2), and decreasing time (R3) to estimate the relationship between the shape of the milk-release curves and important milking traits. Results from the first and second analysis found similar heritabilities for milkability traits ranging from 0.05 to 0.41 with genetic correlations between production traits and flow traits ranging from low to moderate values. Positive genetic correlations were found among production, somatic cell score, and milkability traits. The third analysis showed that R1 had the greatest heritability of the ratio traits (0.37) with large genetic correlations with R2 and R3, a low correlation with 305-d somatic cell score, and no correlation with 305-d milk yield. Estimated responses to selection over 5 generations were also calculated using different indexes, which included either flow or ratio traits. The results of this study show that it is possible to use information collected through portable flowmeters to improve milkability traits. Using a set of variables or traits to describe the overall release of milk can be an advantageous selection strategy to decrease management costs while maintaining milk production.

Genetic evaluations for measures of the milk-flow curve in the Italian Brown Swiss population / K.A. Gray, F. Vacirca, A. Bagnato, A.B. Samoré, A. Rossoni, C. Maltecca. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 94:2(2011 Feb), pp. 960-970. [10.3168/jds.2009-2759]

Genetic evaluations for measures of the milk-flow curve in the Italian Brown Swiss population

F. Vacirca
Secondo
;
A. Bagnato;A.B. Samoré;C. Maltecca
Ultimo
2011-02

Abstract

The objective of this study was to estimate heritabilities and genetic correlations between milk-release parameters, somatic cell score, milk yield, and udder functional traits in the Italian Brown Swiss population. Data were available from 37,511 cows over a span of 12 yr (1997-2008) from 1,592 herds. Milking flows were recorded for each individual once during lactation. Three different analyses were performed to estimate variance components for all the traits of interest. The first analysis included single control data milk yield, somatic cell score, maximum milk flow, average milk flow, time of plateau, decreasing time, and total milking time, whereas the second analysis included milk-release parameters as well as total udder score, udder depth, and 305-d milk yield and somatic cell score as dependent variables. The third analysis included total milking time, 305-d milk yield and somatic cell score, total udder score, udder depth, and ratios of maximum milk flow over total milking time (R1), time of plateau (R2), and decreasing time (R3) to estimate the relationship between the shape of the milk-release curves and important milking traits. Results from the first and second analysis found similar heritabilities for milkability traits ranging from 0.05 to 0.41 with genetic correlations between production traits and flow traits ranging from low to moderate values. Positive genetic correlations were found among production, somatic cell score, and milkability traits. The third analysis showed that R1 had the greatest heritability of the ratio traits (0.37) with large genetic correlations with R2 and R3, a low correlation with 305-d somatic cell score, and no correlation with 305-d milk yield. Estimated responses to selection over 5 generations were also calculated using different indexes, which included either flow or ratio traits. The results of this study show that it is possible to use information collected through portable flowmeters to improve milkability traits. Using a set of variables or traits to describe the overall release of milk can be an advantageous selection strategy to decrease management costs while maintaining milk production.
Animals ; cattle ; milk ; mammary glands, animal ; cell count ; species specificity ; selection, genetic ; Italy ; female; lactation
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/204251
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