Abnormal GH responses to GnRH test, observed in about 15% of patients with acromegaly, have been reported exclusively in patients bearing tumors without gsp mutation. The absence of responsiveness to GnRH in gsp+ tumors was not predicted on the basis of the mechanism of GnRH action that mainly involves the activation of calcium and protein kinase C dependent pathways. The aim of the present study was to investigate in detail the transduction of GnRH signaling in these tumors. GH-secreting adenomas removed from patients in vivo responsive to GnRH test were studied. Tumor DNA was screened for Gsalpha and GnRH receptor gene sequences. Intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and cAMP levels were measured in dispersed cells and adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity in membrane preparations. DNA analysis showed wild sequence of both Gsalpha and GnRH receptor genes. GnRH caused a significant increase in intracellular Ca2+ that was associated with a significant stimulation of cAMP accumulation. In these cells neither TRH nor GHRP-6 were effective in causing significant modifications of cAMP levels, despite their ability to increase [Ca2+]i. Finally, GnRH was able to directly stimulate AC from 11.1 +/- 3.3 pmol/mg prot/ min to 26.9 +/- 5.4 (p<0.005). We report that GnRH was effective in increasing both [Ca2+]i and AC in GH-secreting adenomas removed from responsive patients. The ability of GnRH to signal through Gsa protein may account for the lack of GH responses to GnRH observed in acromegalic patients with tumors carrying gsp mutation.
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone initiates multiple signaling pathways in human GH-secreting adenomas / A. Lania, G. Mantovani, E. Ferrante, L.M. Zavanone, M. Locatelli, S. Corbetta, P. Beck-Peccoz, A. Spada. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - 27:4(2004 Apr), pp. 328-333.
|Titolo:||Gonadotropin-releasing hormone initiates multiple signaling pathways in human GH-secreting adenomas|
LANIA, ANDREA GERARDO ANTONIO (Primo)
MANTOVANI, GIOVANNA (Secondo)
BECK PECCOZ, PAOLO LUIGI MARIA (Penultimo)
SPADA, ANNAMARIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||GnRH; adenylate cyclase; cAMP; G protein|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03351057|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|