The lipid and apoprotein composition of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) (d < 1.019 g/ml) from normal and hypercholesteremic (h.c.) rabbits are compared. Significant changes are observed in the apoproteins, as well as in the fatty acid composition of cholesterol esters, and in the relative distribution of phospholipids. Apoproteins show a marked increase of peptides with slow mobility (R2 and R3), corresponding to arginine-rich proteins, both in the rabbit and in some types of human hyperlipoproteinemias (hypothyroidism and Fredrickson Type III). VLDL were separated into the two fractions, VLDL-1 and VLDL-2. Peptides of slow mobility were shown to be present in a higher concentration in VLDL-1. Cholererol esters of h.c. VLDL have a very high content of oleic acid, the 18 : 1/18 : 2 ratio being about three times higher than in normal VLDL. Phospholipid distribution in h.c. VLDL is characterized by an increase of sphingomyelin and decrease of phosphatidylethanolamine. The PC/Sph ratio is about one fifth that of normal. These changes in VLDL lipids are very similar to those occurring in the lipid composition of the atherosclerotic plaques in mammals.
|Titolo:||Very low density lipoproteins in normal and cholesterol-fed rabbits: lipid and protein composition and metabolism: Part 1. Chemical composition of very low density lipoproteins in rabbits|
SIRTORI, CESARE (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1976|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0021-9150(76)90119-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|