In the absence of a clear indication from previous studies, a rat study was designed to evaluate a possible hypolipidaemic effect of Lupinus angustifolius (blue lupin) proteins. Rats were fed for 28 days Nath's hypercholesterolaemic diets containing 20% casein or blue lupin proteins. After 14 and 28 days of dietary treatment, blue-lupin-fed rats had markedly lower plasma total cholesterol levels than rats fed casein (-53.0% and -55.3%, respectively, p < 0.0005). No significant differences were instead observed for triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol levels between the two groups. Lupin-protein-fed rats displayed higher hepatic mRNA levels of SREBP-2, a major transcriptional regulator of intracellular cholesterol levels, and CYP7A1, the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid biosynthesis (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the present study demonstrates a marked cholesterol-lowering activity of proteins from L. angustifolius in rats. Moreover, blue lupin proteins appear to affect cellular lipid homeostasis by up-regulating SREBP-2 and CYP7A1 genes.
Cholesterol-lowering effect of dietary Lupinus angustifolius proteins in adult rats through regulation of genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis / C. Parolini, E. Rigamonti, M. Marchesi, M. Busnelli, P. Cinquanta, S. Manzini, C.R. Sirtori, G. Chiesa. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0308-8146. - 132:3(2012), pp. 1475-1479.
|Titolo:||Cholesterol-lowering effect of dietary Lupinus angustifolius proteins in adult rats through regulation of genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis|
PAROLINI, CINZIA (Primo)
SIRTORI, CESARE (Penultimo)
CHIESA, GIULIA MARIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cholesterol; Hepatic gene expression; L. angustifolius; Lupin proteins; Rats|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.12.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|