The role of folate supplementation in reducing hyperhomocystinemia in patients on dialysis has been reported, but the optimal dose of folate is still unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether greater than 5 mg/day folate supplementation provides any additional effect on plasma homocysteine (HCY) levels. The study was prospective, open, and had no control group. Of the 64 eligible nondiabetic patients on peritoneal dialysis with hyperhomocystinemia (>20 mol/L), 56 were given oral folate (5 mg/day) for 3 months. When Hcy did not fall below 20 mol/L, folate doses were increased by 5 mg every 3 months to up to 15 mg/day. With 5 mg/day supplementation, serum folate concentrations increased above the upper confidence limit in 23 patients and erythrocyte folate concentrations in 27 patients. Hcy levels decreased to less than 15 mol/L in 6 cases and by more than 50% in 12 cases. Nineteen of the remaining patients were given 10 mg/day folate. After increasing the dose, serum and erythrocyte folate levels rose above the upper detection limit. In one patient, plasma Hcy concentrations decreased to less than 15 mol/L. Ten patients were given 15 mg/day oral folate for an additional 3 months with no effect on homocystinemia. This study confirms that oral folate supplementation may improve hyperhomocystinemia even in patients on dialysis with normal serum or erythrocyte folate concentrations. In fact, serum and erythrocyte levels cannot predict the effect of supplementation on plasma Hcy levels. However, 5 mg/day folate supplementation normalized Hcy in 10% of cases and reduced Hcy levels in another 21%. Increasing the folate dose to greater than 5 mg/day had a minimal (10 mg/day) or no (15 mg/day) additional effect on Hcy concentrations. Despite the minimal effect of increasing folate doses, given the low cost, the absence of side effects, and the high cardiovascular risk for patients on peritoneal dialysis, a careful attempt to increase the dose of oral folate up to 10 mg/day might be suggested.
Effect of incremental doses of folate on homocysteine and metabolically related vitamin concentrations in nondiabetic patients on peritoneal dialysis / A.F. De Vecchi, C. Novembrino, M.C. Patrosso, D. Cresseri, S. Ippolito, M. Rosina, P. Colucci, G. Lando, F. Bamonti Catena. - In: ASAIO JOURNAL. - ISSN 1058-2916. - 49:6(2003), pp. 655-659.
|Titolo:||Effect of incremental doses of folate on homocysteine and metabolically related vitamin concentrations in nondiabetic patients on peritoneal dialysis|
NOVEMBRINO, CRISTINA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica|
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.MAT.0000094486.12329.6B|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|