It is generally accepted that methacholine (MCh) acts predominantly on the central airways and histamine (H) acts on the lung periphery. We hypothesized therefore that lung mechanics would be affected differently by H and MCh aerosols. In 12 anesthetized paralyzed open-chest mongrel dogs, we obtained MCh (0.1-30 mg/ml, n = 6) and H (0.1-30 mg/ml, n = 6) concentration-response curves. The alveolar capsule technique was used to partition lung resistance (RL) into airway (Raw) and tissue (Rti) components. The degree of mechanical heterogeneity across the lung was assessed by computing the coefficient of variation for five alveolar pressures during relaxed expirations. RL increased 823 +/- 202% after H and 992 +/- 219% after MCh. Rti increased 784 +/- 192% after H and 1,014 +/- 279% after MCh. Raw increased 1,098 +/- 297% after H and 1,275 +/- 332% after MCh. Elastance increased 342 +/- 53% after H and 423 +/- 88% after MCh. The coefficient of variation increased 279 +/- 65% after H and 252 +/- 55% after MCh. The patterns of change were similar throughout the H and MCh concentration-response curves. We conclude that H and MCh have comparable effects on lung mechanics and that the degree and pattern of heterogeneity inside the lung after constriction are the same regardless of the agent used. These data support the hypothesis that H and MCh have some similar direct effect on the lung parenchyma. Parenchymal deformation after MCh-induced central airway constriction alone would be unlikely to explain increases in Rti of this magnitude or changes in lung mechanics so similar to those induced by H
How changes in the serial distribution of bronchoconstriction affect lung mechanics / F.M. Robatto, S. Simard, M.S. Ludwig. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 8750-7587. - 74:6(1993), pp. 2838-2847.
|Titolo:||How changes in the serial distribution of bronchoconstriction affect lung mechanics|
ROBATTO, FEDERICO MARIA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|