Culture medium conditioned by human SK-Hep1 hepatoma cells or mouse S180 sarcoma cells rapidly up-regulates endothelial cell expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and induces formation of capillary-like structures by vascular endothelial cells grown on three-dimensional fibrin gels (in vitro angiogenesis). Incubation of endothelial cells with the tumor cell-conditioned media also results in increased expression of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), a key component of the proteolytic system required for cell invasion and capillary formation. Although the tumor cell-conditioned media contain no bFGF, addition of anti-recombinant bFGF Ige abolishes the up-regulation of uPA and blocks in vitro angiogenesis. This indicates that both the increase in uPA production and formation of capillary-like structures are mediated by endogenous bFGF expressed by the endothelial cells. Both the bFGF/uPA-inducing activity and the angiogenic activity of SK-Hep1 cell-conditioned medium copurify with a relatively acid-resistant peptide that has moderate affinity for heparin and M(r) < 18 kDa > 3.5 kDa. Known cytokines with similar biochemical features do not possess the same biological activity. These findings indicate that angiogenesis can be mediated by endothelial cell bFGF through an autocrine mechanism and that the bFGF-inducing peptide may represent a novel tumor-derived angiogenic factor that modulates in endothelial cells the concerted expression of cytokines and proteolytic enzymes required for capillary formation. (C) 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Titolo:||TUMOR-CELLS SECRETE AN ANGIOGENIC FACTOR THAT STIMULATES BASIC FIBROBLAST GROWTH-FACTOR AND UROKINASE EXPRESSION IN VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/jcp.1041610102|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|