GH increases hypothalamic somatostatin (SS) synthesis and secretion but it is unknown if chronic GH excess, as found in acromegaly, may influence circulating SS levels, that are mainly of enteropancreatic source and affect several gastrointestinal functions, including motility. Circulating SS occurs in several post-translational forms including somatostatin-14 (SS-14), somatostatin-28 (SS-28) and other small peptides. The aim of the present study was to characterize the fasting and postprandial pattern of plasma circulating somatostatin in normal subjects and patients with acromegaly. Fasting total SS and SS-28 levels were measured in 32 subjects, 16 acromegalic patients with a new diagnosis (A) (8 F, 8 M, median age 48) and 16 matched healthy volunteers (C) (8 F, 8 M, median age 45). SS was also determined after a standard solid-liquid meal (550 kCal) in 24 of the subjects (12 C and 12 A). Fasting SS and SS-28 were significantly higher in acromegalic patients as compared to healthy subjects. In the former, a positive correlation was found between IGF-I and SS levels (r=0.525 p<0.05). Furthermore, the ratio between SS (as pmol equivalent SS-14/I) and SS-28 was higher in the acromegalic patients than in the controls (3.4±2.1 vs 2.0±1.6, p<0.05). The postprandial SS peak, as well as the incremental area above baseline values, was similar in the patients and controls. In conclusion, fasting but not postprandial hypersomatostatinemia, mainly due to an increase in SS-14, characterizes acromegaly. Excess GH/IGF-I could be a causal factor in somatostatin hypersecretion. Conceivably this abnormality might play a role in some alterations of gastrointestinal function of acromegalic patients such as prolonged bowel transit.
Elevated circulating somatostatin levels in acromegaly / M. Arosio, S. Porretti, P. Epaminonda, C. Giavoli, C. Gebbia, C. Penati, P. Beck-Peccoz, M. Peracchi. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - 26:6(2003 Jun), pp. 449-502.
|Titolo:||Elevated circulating somatostatin levels in acromegaly|
AROSIO, MAURA (Primo)
BECK PECCOZ, PAOLO LUIGI MARIA (Penultimo)
PERACCHI, MADDALENA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Acromegaly; Somatostatin isoforms; Somatostatin/blood|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03345210|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|