Tissue viscance (Vti), the pressure drop across the lung tissues in phase with flow, increases after induced constriction. To gain information about the possible site of response, we induced increases in Vti with methacholine (MCh) and attempted to correlate these changes with alterations in lung morphology. We measured tracheal (Ptr) and alveolar pressure (PA) in open-chest rabbits during mechanical ventilation [frequency = 1 Hz, tidal volume = 5 ml/kg, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) = 5 cmH2O] under control conditions and after administration of saline or MCh (32 or 128 mg/ml) aerosols. We calculated lung elastance (EL), lung resistance (RL), Vti, and airway resistance (Raw) by fitting the equation of motion to changes in Ptr and PA. The lungs were then frozen in situ with liquid nitrogen (PEEP = 5 cmH2O), excised, and processed using freeze substitution techniques. Airway constriction was assessed by measuring the ratio of the airway lumen (A) to the ideally relaxed area (Ar). Tissue distortion was assessed by measuring the mean linear intercept between alveolar walls (Lm), the standard deviation of Lm (SDLm), and an atelectasis index (ATI) derived by calculating the ratio of tissue to air space using computer image analysis. RL, Vti, and EL were significantly increased after MCh, and Raw was unchanged. A/Ar, Lm, SDLm, and ATI all changed significantly with MCh. Log-normalized change (% of baseline) in Vti significantly correlated with A/Ar (r = -0.693), Lm (r = 0.691), SDLm (r = 0.648), and ATI (r = 0.656). Hence, changes in lung tissue mechanics correlated with changes in morphometric indexes of parenchymal distortion and airway constriction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Tissue viscance during induced constriction in rabbit lungs : morphological-physiological correlations / T. Nagase, M. Lei, F.M. Robatto, D.H. Eidelman, M.S. Ludwig. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 8750-7587. - 73:5(1992 Nov), pp. 1900-1907.
|Titolo:||Tissue viscance during induced constriction in rabbit lungs : morphological-physiological correlations|
|Parole Chiave:||airway constriction; tissue resistance|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|