The α subunit of the GTP-binding protein Gs mediates hormonal stimulation of adenylyl cyclase. Human pituitary and thyroid tumours harbour mutations of Gαs that constitutively activate the protein by inhibiting its intrinsic GTPase activity. We have investigated the mitogenic action of mutationally activated αs in thyroid FRTL5 cells, a cell line dependent upon thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) for both growth and differentiation. Introduction of αs carrying the substitution of glutamine-227 with leucine (Q227Lαs) by retroviral infection of FRTL5 cells resulted in the expected stimulation of membrane adenylyl cyclase activity and in increased intracellular accumulation of cAMP. Measurements of cytosolic Ca2+ levels did not detect any concomitant effect on the polyphosphoinositide-Ca2+ signalling pathway. Expression of Q227Lαs conferred to FRTL5 cells the ability to synthesize DNA in the absence of TSH, as revealed by [3H]thymidine incorporation experiments, and to proliferate independently of the mitogenic hormone, although with a rate of growth slower than that observed with TSH stimulation. The effect of Q227Lαs on cell proliferation was associated with the constitutive activation of iodide uptake. The results indicate that expression of mutationally activated Gαs is sufficient to bypass the requirement for TSH and promotes autonomous growth and activation of thyroid-specific differentiated functions in FRTL5 cells.
|Titolo:||Expression of mutationally activated Gαs stimulates growth and differentiation of thyroid FRTL5 cells|
VALLAR, LUCIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||G proteins; Gs; activating mutations; growth; differentiation; thyroid cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|