In 18 patients (12 females) presenting with effort-induced chest pain and normal coronary angiograms (syndrome X), 10 mg sublingual nifedipine increased the lumen of major coronary arteries (quantitative angiography) by 13% +/- 10 (p less than 0.01), coronary blood flow (thermodilution) by 23% +/- 26 (p less than 0.05), norepinephrine plasma concentration by 60% +/- 42 (p less than 0.01), and reduced the global ST segment shift during the effort stress test from 8.8 +/- 4.1 to 7 +/- 6.8 mm (p less than 0.03) at comparable maximal workload and at unchanged double product. There was a correlation (positive) of changes in flow with changes in coronary lumen diameter (r = 0.65, p less than 0.01), with ST segment response to exercise (r = 0.83, p less than 0.001), and with (inverse) norepinephrine plasma concentration (r = -0.70, p less than 0.01); no correlation was found between ST segment response and changes in arterial lumen diameter. In a few cases nifedipine did not improve or even worsened the response to exercise; in them coronary flow was unchanged or reduced and norepinephrine plasma levels were modestly or greatly increased, respectively. After 4-week treatment with nifedipine (10-20 mg 4 times daily), the effort ST segment shift was further diminished to 4.4 +/- 3.5 mm (p less than 0.03) despite a slightly increased double product. Plasma norepinephrine values, as compared to those following acute nifedipine, were reduced by 40% in patients with further improvement and unchanged in patients whose exercise performance did not vary.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
[Acute coronary vasomotor effects of nifedipine and its therapeutic efficacy in syndrome X] / P. Montorsi, S. Cozzi, A. Loaldi, F. Fabbiocchi, L. Annoni, N. De Cesare, A. Polese, M. Guazzi. - In: CARDIOLOGIA. - ISSN 0393-1978. - 35:10(1990 Oct), pp. 851-6-856.
|Titolo:||[Acute coronary vasomotor effects of nifedipine and its therapeutic efficacy in syndrome X]|
MONTORSI, PIERO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Coronary Vessels; Humans; Coronary Circulation; Angina Pectoris; Nifedipine; Vasodilation; Electrocardiography; Syndrome; Adult; Norepinephrine; Middle Aged; Female; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|