Plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) levels, their chromatographic profiles (high-performance liquid chromatography; HPLC) and changes during sequential ultrafiltration (UF; 1 litre/h) and biochemical correction without fluid removal (BC; 3 h) were studied in 8 end-stage chronic renal failure patients on intermittent haemodialysis (greater than 1 year). Patients entered randomly the UF-BC or BC-UF protocols that were reversed after 1 week. HPLC showed a single peak of ANF immunoreactivity in plasma of end-stage chronic renal failure patients before dialysis sessions. ANF at the end of fluid removal fell by 31 +/- 2% (p less than 0.01) during UF-BC and by 30 +/- 2% (p less than 0.01) at the end of BC during BC-UF. In both sequences a further slight reduction in plasma ANF was observed during the second phase: it was 8.5 +/- 5% (n.s.) during BC of the BC-UF and 12.5 +/- 2% (p less than 0.05) during fluid removal of BC-UF. Plasma ANF was not significantly removed by the machinery. BC did not modify the microhaematocrit in the BC-UF sequence while the microhaematocrit was significantly increased by UF (13 +/- 1 and 14 +/- 1%, p less than 0.005 vs. basal, respectively), and decreased by BC in the UF-BC sequence (-5 +/- 2% vs. end UF, p less than 0.05). Serum creatinine and urea decreased significantly during BC in both protocols while they were unmodified during UF. No significant changes were seen in PRC during either protocol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Changes in plasma atrial natriuretic factor during sequential fluid removal and biochemical correction in end-stage chronic renal failure patients / G. Tonolo, M. McMillan, A. M. Richards, P. Montorsi, J. Polonia, A. Soro, C. Troffa, N. Glorioso. - In: NEPHRON. - ISSN 0028-2766. - 55:1(1990), pp. 58-62-62.
|Titolo:||Changes in plasma atrial natriuretic factor during sequential fluid removal and biochemical correction in end-stage chronic renal failure patients|
|Parole Chiave:||Ultrafiltration; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Humans; Kidney Failure, Chronic; Potassium; Urea; Renal Dialysis; Atrial Natriuretic Factor; Blood Volume; Creatinine; Middle Aged; Female; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|