Aloe contains several active compounds including aloin, a C-glycoside that can be hydrolyzed in the gut to form aloe-emodin anthrone which, in turn, is auto-oxidized to the quinone aloe-emodin. On the basis of the claimed hepatoprotective activity of some antraquinones, we studied aloe-emodin in a rat model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxication, since this xenobiotic induces acute liver damage by lipid peroxidation subsequent to free radical production. Twelve rats were treated with CCl4 (3 mg/kg) intraperitoneally and six were protected with two intraperitoneally injections of aloe-emodin (50 mg/kg; CCl4¹aloe-emodin); six other rats were only aloe-emodin injected (aloe-emodin) and six were untreated (control). Histological examination of the livers showed less marked lesions in the CCl4¹aloe-emodin rats than in those treated with CCl4 alone, and this was confirmed by the serum levels of L-aspartate-2-oxoglutate-aminotransferase (394º38.6 UI/l in CCl4, 280º24.47 UI/l in CCl4¹aloe-emodin rats; P,0.05). We also quantified changes in hepatic albumin and tumour necrosis factor-a mRNAs. Albumin mRNA expression was significantly lower only in the liver of CCl4 rats (P,0.05 versus control) and was only slightly reduced in the CCl4¹aloe-emodin rats. In contrast tumour necrosis factor-a mRNA was significantly higher (P,0.05) in the CCl4 than the control rats and almost equal in the CCl4¹aloe-emodin, aloe-emodin and control groups. In conclusion, aloe-emodin appears to have some protective effect not only against hepatocyte death but also on the inflammatory response subsequent to lipid peroxidation.
|Titolo:||Aloe-Emodin Quinone Pretreatment Reduces Acute Liver Injury Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride|
GAGLIANO, NICOLETTA (Secondo)
MOSCHENI, CLAUDIA (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0773.2000.pto870507.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|