Studies are presented characterizing platelet CDCrel-1, a protein expressed to high levels by megakaryocytes and belonging to a family of conserved proteins, termed septin. Septin filaments originally were identified in yeast as essential for budding but have become increasingly associated with processes in higher eukaryotic cells involving active membrane movement such as cytokinesis and vesicle trafficking. Direct proof of an in vivo function for septins in higher eukaryotes is limited to the characterization of the Drosophila septin, termed PNUT. We present studies identifying platelet CDCrel-1 as a protein kinase substrate in the presence of known platelet agonists. The immunopurification of CDCrel-1 revealed it to be part of a macromolecular complex containing a protein involved in platelet secretion, syntaxin 4. Moreover, CDCrel-1 was localized in situ to areas surrounding platelet-storage granules. The relevance of CDCrel-1 to normal platelet function was established with the characterization of platelets from a CDCrel-1Null mouse. As compared with platelets from wild-type littermates, CDCrel-1Null platelets aggregate and release stored [14C]serotonin in the presence of subthreshold levels of collagen. These results provide new insights into the mechanisms regulating platelet secretion and identify platelet septins as a protein family contributing to membrane trafficking within the megakaryocyte and platelet.
|Titolo:||A prototypic platelet septin and its participation in secretion|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1073/pnas.052715199|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|