d-Xylanase (1,4-β-xylan xylanohydrolase, EC 188.8.131.52) was obtained from mycelial submerged culture of the mushroom Schizophyllum radiatum, grown on wheat straw pretreated with "steam explosion" as the substrate. The enzyme was purified 192-fold (specific activity 455 IU mg-1 protein), with 37% yield with respect to total d-xylanase activity. Polyacrylamide electrophoresis of the d-xylanase peak showed a single band of protein whose molecular weight, calculated by electrophoretic mobility, was 25 700. The enzyme exhibited maximum activity at pH 4.9 and 55°C. d-Xylanase was stable from pH 5.0 to 7.5; its half-life was 12 h at 45°C. The Michaelis constant was 9.5 mg ml-1 and Vmax 0.37 μ mole min-1. End-product analysis of the d-xylan hydrolysate showed the presence of d-xylobiose, d-xylotriose, d-xylotetraose, and d-xylopentose showing the mode of action of an endo-type enzyme.
|Titolo:||D-XYLANASE PRODUCED BY SCHIZOPHYLLUM-RADIATUM|
MANZONI, MATILDE (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF00256213|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|