Flow (V), volume (V), and tracheal pressure (Ptr) were measured throughout a series of brief (100 ms) interruptions of expiratory V in six patients during anesthesia (halothane-N2O) and anesthesia-paralysis (succinylcholine). For the latter part of spontaneous expiration and throughout passive deflation during muscle paralysis, a plateau in postinterruption Ptr was observed, indicating respiratory muscle relaxation. Under these conditions, passive elastance of the total respiratory system (Ers) was determined as the plateau in postinterruption Ptr divided by the corresponding V. The pressure-flow relationship of the total system was determined by plotting the plateau in Ptr during interruption against the immediately preceding V. Ers averaged 23.5 +/- 1.9 (SD) cmH2O X l-1 during anesthesia and 25.5 +/- 5.4 cmH2O X l-1 during anesthesia-paralysis. Corresponding values of total respiratory system resistance were 2.0 +/- 0.8 and 1.9 +/- 0.6 cmH2O X l-1 X s, respectively. Respiratory mechanics determined during anesthesia paralysis using the single-breath method (W.A. Zin, L. D. Pengelly, and J. Milic-Emili, J. Appl. Physiol. 52: 1266-1271, 1982) were also similar. Early in spontaneous expiration, however, Ptr increased progressively during the period of interruption, reflecting the presence of gradually decreasing antagonistic (postinspiratory) pressure of the inspiratory muscles. In conclusion, the interrupter technique allows for simultaneous determination of the passive elastic as well as flow-resistive properties of the total respiratory system. The presence of a plateau in postinterruption Ptr may be employed as a useful and simple criterion to confirm the presence of respiratory muscle relaxation.
|Titolo:||Interrupter technique for measurement of respiratory mechanics in anesthetized humans|
ZOCCHI, LUCIANO ALDO MARIA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Paralysis; Respiratory Function Tests; Anesthesia; Pulmonary Ventilation; Humans; Adult; Atmospheric Pressure; Trachea; Lung Volume Measurements; Male; Female; Lung Compliance|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-1985|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|