We tested the hypothesis that the mechanical arrangement of costal (COS) and crural (CRU) diaphragms can be changed from parallel to series when direct or indirect transmission of tension occurs. Ratio of rib cage to abdominal displacement (RC/AB) resulting from separate COS and CRU stimulations were used to measure RC expanding action. Hyperinflation in six dogs caused RC/AB with COS and CRU stimulations to change progressively from 0.53 +/- 0.07 (SE) and 0.03 +/- 0.05 at functional residual capacity (FRC) to -0.48 +/- 0.08 and -0.46 +/- 0.05 at 68% inspiratory capacity, respectively. Liquid substitution of abdominal contents in six other dogs equalized abdominal pressure swings (delta Pab), without changing chest wall elastic properties or geometry, or costal RC/AB (0.35 +/- 0.07 before and 0.33 +/- 0.06 after) but caused crural RC/AB to change from 0.01 +/- 0.05 to 0.31 +/- 0.01. We conclude that hyperinflation changes fiber orientation, allowing direct transmission of tension between COS and CRU, which become linked mechanically in series (the diaphragm acts as a unit with RC deflating action); and equalization of delta Pab causes indirect transmission of tension between COS and CRU, which become linked in series (the diaphragm acts as a unit with RC inflating action).
|Titolo:||Effect of hyperinflation and equalization of abdominal pressure on diaphragmatic action|
ZOCCHI, LUCIANO ALDO MARIA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Ribs; Diaphragm; Abdomen; Respiration; Dogs; Pressure; Movement; Models, Biological|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1987|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|