The spectroscopic, conformational, and reactivity characteristics of the T67R variant of sperm whale myoglobin have been studied to assess the effects of introducing an arginine residue into the distal side of this protein, as occurs in the active site of heme peroxidases. The overall circular dichroism (CD) and NMR spectroscopic properties of various derivatives of the protein are little affected by the mutation. The mutant contains a high-spin ferric ion with a water molecule as the sixth ligand, which exhibits slightly enhanced acidity (pK(a) = 8.43 +/- 0.03) with respect to the corresponding derivative of wild-type myoglobin (pK(a) = 8.60 +/- 0.04). The presence of the distal arginine increases the affinity of the Fe center for azide (K= (6.0 +/- 0.5) x 10(4) M-1) and decreases that for imidazole (K = 12.0 +/- 0.2 M-1), with respect to the wild-type protein (K = (5.0 +/- 0.1) x 10(4) and 24.7 +/- 0.7 M-1, respectively). The peroxidase activity of T67R and wild-type myoglobins has been studied with-a group of phenolic substrates related to tyrosine. The mutant exhibits an increased rate of reaction with hydrogen peroxide (k = 1550 +/- 10 versus 760 +/- 10 M-1 s(-1)) and a generally increased peroxidase activity with respect to wild-type myoglobin. Relaxation measurements of proton nuclei of the phenolic substrates in the presence of either the T67R variant or the wild-type protein show that binding of these molecules occurs at distances of 8 - 70Angstrom from the iron center, that is, close to the heme pocket, except for p-cresol, which can approach the heme more closely and, therefore, probably enter into the distal cavity.
Characterization and peroxidase activity of a myoglobin mutant containing a distal arginine / C. Redaelli, E. Monzani, L. Santagostini, L. Casella, A. Sanangelantoni, R. Pierattelli, L. Banci. - In: CHEMBIOCHEM. - ISSN 1439-4227. - 3:2-3(2002), pp. 226-233.
|Titolo:||Characterization and peroxidase activity of a myoglobin mutant containing a distal arginine|
|Parole Chiave:||Heme proteins; Metalloenzymes; O-O activation; Oxidoreductases; Phenol oxidation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1439-7633(20020301)3:2/3<226::AID-CBIC226>3.0.CO;2-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|