The dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transcription was analyzed in vitro and in vivo by using a specific molecular approach which allows accurate quantitation of the different classes of viral mRNAs. Unspliced (US) and multiply spliced (MS) HIV-1 transcripts were assayed by competitive reverse transcription (cRT)-PCR, using a single competitor RNA bearing in tandem internally deleted sequences of both template species. Acute HIV-1 infection of primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), monocytes/macrophages cells, and the A3.01 T-lymphocyte-derived cell line was studied; both classes of HIV-1 mRNAs increased exponentially (tau(2) > 0.98) at days 1 to 3 and 1 to 4 postinfection in HIVIIIB-infected A3.01 cells and PBMCs, respectively, whereas monocytes/macrophages infected with monocytotropic HIVBaL exhibited a linear (tau(2) = 0.81 to 0.94) accumulation of US and MS transcripts. Following induction of chronically infected ACH-2 cells, MS transcripts increased 2 h postinduction and peaked at 5 h (doubling time, 58 min), while at 24 h, US mRNAs increased 3,053-fold compared with basal time (doubling time, 137 min). To address the biopathological significance of HIV-1 expression pattern during infection progression, pilot cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were carried out with samples from untreated and treated HIV-1-infected patients. In almost all untreated (recently infected, long-term nonprogressor, and progressor) patients, MS transcript levels followed the general trend of systemic HIV-1 activity. In patients under treatment with powerful antiretroviral compounds, viral MS transcripts rapidly fell to undetectable levels, indicating that in vivo, levels of RIS mRNAs in PBMCs are closely associated with the number of newly infected cells and suggesting a new role for the quantitative analysis of HIV-1 transcription in infected patients.
|Titolo:||Dynamics and modulation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transcripts in vitro and in vivo|
BALOTTA, CLAUDIA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||POLYMERASE CHAIN-REACTION ; MESSENGER-RNA EXPRESSION ; PERIPHERAL-BLOOD CELLS ; HIV-1 GENE-EXPRESSION ; PRODUCTIVE INFECTION ; DISEASE PROGRESSION ; IN-VIVO ; REVERSE-TRANSCRIPTION ; SPLICING PATTERNS ; HOST INTERACTIONS|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|