Classical serological methods and Southern blot hybridization for the diagnosis of bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) infection have been compared during the first nine months of life of offspring from BLV serum-negative and serum-positive dams belonging to a Friesian dairy herd in Italy. At birth, 9/13 calves analysed showed serum positivity for anti-gp60 BLV antibodies by agar immunodiffusion and/or by ELISA. However, only two calves were positive for BLV integrated proviruses in their lymphocyte DNA. At six months of age, anti-gp60 BLV antibodies and proviral DNA positivities were simultaneously shown only by the two cattle identified as DNA-positive at birth. This pattern remained constant up to nine months of age. Furthermore, analysis of the molecular characteristics of BLV integrated proviruses, carried out by using, as probes, the almost complete proviral genome (Belgian isolate) or a subclone of the env gene radioactively labelled or chemically modified, revealed that the calves under study were infected by a different isolate (Japanese isolate) and that, in one of the cattle, the majority of integrated proviruses was characterized by deletions probably located in the 5' half of the proviral genome.
Detection of bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) infection by DNA probe technology / S. Gaudi, W. Ponti, A. Agresti, R. Meneveri, M. Malcovati, L. Bonizzi, G. Poli, A. Amato, E. Ginelli. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR PROBES. - ISSN 0890-8508. - 4:3(1990), pp. 163-174.
|Titolo:||Detection of bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) infection by DNA probe technology|
GINELLI, ENRICO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||bovine leukaemia virus; DNA hybridization; DNA probe; early diagnosis; Enzootic bovine leukosis; viral infection|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata|
Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0890-8508(90)90050-A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|