Pig brain cytosolic sialidase purified to homogeneity, showed a single protein band on SDS-PAGE under non-reducing conditions, and three bands using reducing conditions, suggesting a complex of different units. The sialidase complex (molecular mass, Mr, 180 kDa) was resolved into a catalytic unit (Mr 30 kDa), active but very labile upon storage at 4°C and freezing and thawing, and two protective units (66 kDa and 42 kDa), inactive, but capable to stabilize the catalytic unit. Recombination of the catalytic and protective units (optimal ratio, 1:1, by weight) gave rise to a stable active complex. Using GD1a1 as substrate, the catalytic unit showed a Michaelis-Menten kinetics, and the complex a sigmoid-shaped kinetics, whereas a Michaelis-Menten kinetics was exhibited with MU-NeuAc in both cases. The apparent Vmax and Km values of the catalytic unit for MU-NeuAc and GD1a were 105.1 and 110.0 mU/mg protein, and 4.2.10-5 and 1.6.10-5 M, respectively. The model we propose for cytosolic sialidase complex is one of each protective units and 2-3 catalytic units. The sialidase complex and protective units did not display any β-d-galactosidase, β-d-N-acetylglucosaminidase, α-l-fucosidase, α-d-glucosidase and carboxypeptidase activities.
cytosolic sialidase from pig brain: a protein complex containing catalytic and protective units / B. Venerando, A. Fiorilli, L. Di Francesco, A. Chiarini, E. Monti, D. Zizioli, G. Tettamanti. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - 1208:2(1994), pp. 229-237.
|Titolo:||cytosolic sialidase from pig brain: a protein complex containing catalytic and protective units|
VENERANDO, BRUNO (Primo)
FIORILLI, AMELIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Brain; Cytosolic sialidase; Enzyme kinetics; Enzyme purification; Ganglioside|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-4838(94)90108-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|