Beginning at the end of March 1999, a syndrome characterized by severe depression, anorexia, fever, and respiratory and enteric symptoms appeared in flocks of turkeys and, to a lesser extent, of chickens in the densely populated poultry-rearing regions of northeast Italy. The disease was characterized by sinusitis, tracheitis, peritonitis, and pancreatitis. The mortality varied between 5% and 90%. The disease was diagnosed as low pathogenic avian influenza, H7N1 serotype. After a summer period of declining cases, the disease reappeared in autumn exclusively in turkeys. Since the middle of December 1999, many farms of chickens, turkeys, and guinea fowl were abruptly affected by a highly pathogenic H7N1 virus, with very severe depression and mortality up to 100% in a few days. By the end of March 2000, nearly 500 farms, representing over 15 million birds, were affected or depopulated. To date, control measures have focused on improved biosecurity measures. Vaccine was not allowed, but its use was debated.
Avian influenza epidemic in Italy due to serovar H7N1 / A. Zanella, P. Dall'Ara, P.A. Martino. - In: AVIAN DISEASES. - ISSN 0005-2086. - 45:1(2001), pp. 257-261.
|Titolo:||Avian influenza epidemic in Italy due to serovar H7N1|
ZANELLA, ANTONIO (Primo)
DALL'ARA, PAOLA EMANUELA (Secondo)
MARTINO, PIERA ANNA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Avian influenza; H7N1; Low and high pathogenicity; Poultry|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|