The self-consistent Ornstein-Zernike approximation (SCOZA), the generalized mean spherical approximation (GMSA), the modified hypernetted chain (MHNC) approximation, and the hierarchical reference theory (HRT) are applied to the determination of thermodynamic and structural properties, and the phase diagram of the hard-core Yukawa fluid (HCYF). We investigate different Yukawa-tail screening lengths lambda, ranging from lambda=1.8 (a value appropriate to approximate the shape of the Lennard-Jones potential) to lambda =9 (suitable for a simple one-body modelization of complex fluids like colloidal suspensions and globular protein solutions). The comparison of the results obtained with computer simulation data shows that at relatively low lambda's all the theories are fairly accurate in the prediction of thermodynamic and structural properties; as far as the phase diagram is concerned, the SCOZA and HRT are able to predict the binodal line and the critical parameters in a quantitative manner. At lambda=4 some discrepancies begin to emerge in the performances of the different theoretical approaches: the MHNC remains, on the whole, reasonably accurate in predicting the energy and the contact value of the radial distribution function; the SCOZA predicts well the equation of state up to the highest lambda values investigated. The GMSA and the MHNC underestimate and overestimate, respectively, the liquid coexisting density, while the SCOZA and HRT yield liquid branches that fall between the two former theoretical predictions, although both appear to overestimate the critical temperature somewhat. At higher lambda's the GMSA and MHNC binodals further worsen, while the SCOZA appears to remain usefully predictive. In general, the predictions of all the theories tend to slightly worsen at low temperatures and high density. The determination of the freezing line, performed by means of a one-phase "freezing criterion" (due to other authors) is not particularly satisfactory within either the SCOZA or the MHNC. The GMSA prediction for the freezing line at lambda=7 and 9 is instead able to follow in a qualitative manner the pattern of the solid-vapor coexistence line as determined through computer simulation studies. The necessity of further assessments of the freezing predictions is also discussed. Finally, versions of the GMSA, SCOZA, and HRT that can be expected to be more accurate for interactions with extremely short-ranged attractions are identified.
|Titolo:||Thermodynamically self-consistent theories of fluids interacting through short-range forces|
PINI, DAVIDE ENRICO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Ornstein-Zernike equation ; hard-core Yukawa fluid ; integral-equation liquid-state theory ; liquid-vapour transition ; fluid-solid transition|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevE.60.5533|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|