Since the central nervous system and neuropeptides modulate immune functions, we investigated whether the different susceptibility of Lewis and Brown Norway rats to experimental allergic encephalomyelitis could also reflect differences in beta-endorphin and substance P concentrations in brain areas and macrophages during the development of the disease. We show that beta-endorphin concentrations increase much more in the hypothalamus and macrophages of Lewis rats during the development of the disease, while the increase is much lower or absent in Brown Norway rats. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha seems to play an important role in this difference. The administration of the opiate receptor antagonist naltrexone worsens the development of the disease, suggesting that the increase of the opioid beta-endorphin might represent a mechanism to downregulate the immune response. In both strains, the concentrations of substance P do not change.
Beta-endorphin concentrations in brain areas and peritoneal macrophages in rats susceptible and resistant to experimental allergic encephalomyelitis: a possible relationship between tumor necrosis factor alpha and opioids in the disease / A.E. Panerai, J. Radulovic, G. Monastra, B. Manfredi, L. Locatelli, P. Sacerdote. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0165-5728. - 51:2(1994), pp. 169-176.
|Titolo:||Beta-endorphin concentrations in brain areas and peritoneal macrophages in rats susceptible and resistant to experimental allergic encephalomyelitis: a possible relationship between tumor necrosis factor alpha and opioids in the disease|
|Parole Chiave:||Brown Norway; Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis; Lewis; Substance P; Tumor necrosis factor; β-Endorphin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-5728(94)90078-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|