Tissue factor (TF), initiator of coagulation, is also ascribed a non-hemostatic function in atherosclerosis development. Polymorphisms in the TF gene promoter have been shown to modulate the expression of TF, and thus perhaps also its role in atherosclerosis. Hence, this study investigated associations between TF promoter genotype and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a well-established marker of atherosclerosis. The TF A-603G polymorphism and carotid IMT was analyzed in 324 patients undergoing primary and secondary cardiovascular risk prevention. Subjects were 60.5±8.4 years old, 80% were male, and 77% were undergoing secondary prevention with a history of atherosclerotic disease. Both mean and maximum carotid IMT (measured at the common carotid, bifurcation, and internal carotid) differed significantly according to A-603G genotype, being highest in -603A/A (n=95), intermediate in A/G (n = 164) and lowest in G/G (n = 65) (mean IMT: A/A 1.31±0.37 nm, A/G 1.28±0.33mm, G/G 1.22±0.35 mm; max IMT: A/A 2.35±0.91 mm, A/G 2.25±0.84mm, G/G 2.15+0.97 mm; both p<0.05; tested for tend; adjusted for age, gender, smoking habits, and anti-hypertensive treatment. In summary, a significant association between TF promoter genotype and carotid IMT was observed, maybe mediated via altered TF expression levels in the circulation or within the carotid vessel wall. These findings support a role of TF in the atherosclerotic process, beyond its role in hemostasis and thrombosis, thus implicating TF not only in thrombotic complications of atherosclerotic disease, but also in plaque progression.
|Titolo:||Tissue factor A-603G genotype associates with carotid intima-media thickness in subjects undergoing cardiovascular risk prevention|
CAMERA, MARINA (Penultimo)
TREMOLI, ELENA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|