Detailed measurements of near-surface soil hydraulic conductivity, Ks, across the Bracciasco catchment (Central Italian Alps) are incorporated into a distributed, digital elevation model-based hydrological model to evaluate the effect of soil heterogeneity on catchment storm flow response. Surface and subsurface storm flow components are simulated for different distributions of Ks, including that obtained directly from measurements, that obtained by averaging measured data and others obtained on the basis of a simple functional parameter model. The reproduction of the catchment storm flow responses obtained using distributions of Ks based on measurements is satisfactory although an adjustment of such distributions is suggested to reproduce the hydrograph peaks owing to rapid surface runoff concentration and to improve the description of recession limbs at the same time. Numerical experiments indicate that the simulated storm flow response of the study catchment is substantially insensitive to near-surface soil heterogeneity in as far as the predominant mechanism of channel storm flow generation is subsurface flow. However, Ks is found to play an important role in the generation of overland flow during intense rainfall and, under these circumstances, monitoring of near-surface heterogeneity may be important to provide accurate descriptions of both surface and subsurface storm flow components. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Titolo:||On the storm flow response of upland Alpine catchments|
|Parole Chiave:||upland alpine catchment storm ¯ow; near-surface soil hydraulic conductivity; distributed modelling|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/05 - Geologia Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(199903)13:4<549::AID-HYP755>3.0.CO;2-S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|