Mouse plasma cell tumor (PCT) and human multiple myeloma (MM) are terminal B-cell malignancies sharing many similarities. Our recent work demonstrated that activation of the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR)/insulin receptor substrate (IRS)/phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase (PI 3'K) pathway was evident in the tumor lines derived from both species. Although PI 3'K activity was higher in mouse tumor lines than that in human tumors, activation of Akt serine/threonine kinase was markedly lower in mouse lines. This discrepancy prompted us to test the status of PTEN tumor suppressor gene, as it has been shown to be a negative regulator of PI 3'K activity. Although all the mouse lines expressed intact PTEN, 2 of the 4 human lines (Delta47 and OPM2) possessing the highest Akt activity lost PTEN expression. Sequencing analysis demonstrated that the PTEN gene contains a deletion spacing from exon 3 to exon 5 or 6 in the Delta47 line and from exon 3 to 7 in the OPM2 line. Restoration of PTEN expression suppressed IGF-I-induced Akt activity, suggesting that loss of PTEN is responsible for uncontrolled Akt activity in these 2 lines. Despite the expression of PTEN with the concomitant low Akt activity in all mouse PCT lines, their p70S6K activities were generally higher than those in 3 human MM lines, arguing for specific negative regulation of Akt, but not p70S6K by PTEN. These results suggest that p70S6K and Akt may be differentially used by the plasma cell tumors derived from mice and humans, respectively.
|Titolo:||Loss of PTEN expression leading to high Akt activation in human multiple myelomas|
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; RNA, Neoplasm; Genes, Tumor Suppressor; Humans; Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases; Receptor, IGF Type 1; Phosphorylation; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Molecular Sequence Data; Signal Transduction; Immunoblotting; PTEN Phosphohydrolase; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt; Mice; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases; Multiple Myeloma; Gene Deletion; DNA, Neoplasm; Tumor Suppressor Proteins; Base Sequence; Proto-Oncogene Proteins; Plasmacytoma; Transfection; Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-nov-2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|