The 14C/12C ratio in 4.8 m3 of high-purity liquid scintillator was measured at (1.94±0.09)×10(−18), the lowest 14C abundance ever measured. At this level the spectroscopy of low-energy solar neutrinos, in particular a measurement of the 7Be neutrino flux, will not be obstructed by the 14C beta decay intrinsic to a liquid scintillator detector. A comprehensive study of the deviation of the shape of the 14C beta spectrum from the allowed statistical shape reveals consistent results with recent observations and calculations. Possible origins of the 14C in the liquid scintillator are discussed.

Measurement of the 14C abundance in a low-background liquid scintillator / G. Alimonti, G. Angloher, C. Arpesella, M. Balata, G. Bellini, J. Benziger, S. Bonetti, L. Cadonati, F.P. Calaprice, G. Cecchet, M. Chen, N. Darnton, A. de Bari, M. Deutsch, F. Elisei, F. von Feilitzsch, C. Galbiati, F. Gatti, M.G. Giammarchi, D. Giugni, T. Goldbrunner, A. Golubchikov, A. Goretti, T. Hagner, F.X. Hartmann, R. von Hentig, G. Heusser, A. Ianni, J. Jochum, M. Johnson, M. Laubenstein, P. Lombardi, S. Magni, S. Malvezzi, I. Manno, G. Manuzio, F. Masetti, U. Mazzucato, E. Meroni, M. Neff, A. Nostro, L. Oberauer, A. Perotti, A. Preda, R.S. Raghavan, G. Ranucci, E. Resconi, M. Ruscitti, R. Scardaoni, S. Schönert, O. Smirnov, R. Tartaglia, G. Testera, P. Ullucci, R.B. Vogelaar, S. Vitale, O. Zaimidoroga. - In: PHYSICS LETTERS. SECTION B. - ISSN 0370-2693. - 422:1-4(1998 May 12), pp. 349-358.

Measurement of the 14C abundance in a low-background liquid scintillator

G. Bellini;S. Bonetti;M.G. Giammarchi;E. Meroni;
1998-05-12

Abstract

The 14C/12C ratio in 4.8 m3 of high-purity liquid scintillator was measured at (1.94±0.09)×10(−18), the lowest 14C abundance ever measured. At this level the spectroscopy of low-energy solar neutrinos, in particular a measurement of the 7Be neutrino flux, will not be obstructed by the 14C beta decay intrinsic to a liquid scintillator detector. A comprehensive study of the deviation of the shape of the 14C beta spectrum from the allowed statistical shape reveals consistent results with recent observations and calculations. Possible origins of the 14C in the liquid scintillator are discussed.
liquid scintillator, 14C beta decay
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
PHYSICS LETTERS. SECTION B
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/196600
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