Twenty patients with self-sustaining hematopoiesis were evaluated for neutrophil functions and bone marrow histology 7 to 34 months after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) (7 allogeneic, 13 autologous) performed for acute leukemia in complete remission (11 patients), Hodgkin's lymphoma (2 patients), chronic myeloid leukemia (6 patients) or severe aplastic anemia (1 patient). The chemotactic response toward zymosan-treated serum was severely depressed (<35% of normal) in peripheral neutrophils of 11 patients (2 allogeneic and 9 autologous BMT) and moderately defective (35-70% of normal) in 5 others (2 allogeneic and 3 autologous BMT). On the other hand, phagocytic activity, activation of the metabolic burst and surface expression of CD11/CD18 molecules were within normal limits or moderately increased. The chemotactic defect was independent of age, sex, conditioning regimen and the time period after marrow infusion. The incidence of defective chemotaxis was much greater in patients receiving an autologous BMT (92% of the patients) than in those who had an allogeneic BMT (57% of the patients). Simultaneous bone marrow biopsy studies showed significant stromal alterations in most of our patients; since the bone marrow microenvironment plays an essential role in the process of blood cell formation and release, these observations suggest that defective neutrophil chemotaxis may well serve as a marker of abnormal post-transplant hematopoiesis.
|Titolo:||Abnormal neutrophil chemotaxis after successful bone marrow transplantation.|
CAPSONI, FRANCO (Primo)
LAMBERTENGHI DELILIERS, GIORGIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3109/10428199109068083|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|