Trifluoroacetylated (TFA)-protein adducts were investigated by immunoblotting in liver and plasma of guinea pigs treated with the hepatotoxic anaesthetic halothane or the chlorofluorocarbon replacement 1,1-dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123). Male outbred Hartley guinea pigs (320-400 g) were administered HCFC-123 (1, 5, 10 and 15 mmol/kg b.w.) or halothane (positive control, 10 mmol/kg b.w.) i.p. in corn oil. Blood and liver samples were collected 24 h after administration of HCFC-123 or halothane. Immunoreactive bands were demonstrated in liver microsomes at all HCFC-123 and halothane concentrations, and in plasma of animals treated with 10 and 15 mmol/kg b.w. HCFC-123 and 10 mmol/kg b.w. halothane, while no alteration of microsomal P450 content or monooxygenase activities markers of the P450 2A, 2E1 and 2B isoforms was observed. Instead, when HCFC-123 was administered at doses of 1 and 5 mmol/kg b.w., the 2E1-dependent p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activity was enhanced. The presence of TFA-proteins in plasma was always associated with hepatic damage. However, mild liver damage in some animals treated with 1 or 5 mmol/kg b.w. HCFC-123 was not associated with the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma. This indicates a lower threshold dose for the appearance of TFA-proteins or damage in the liver (1 mmol/kg b.w.) than for the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma (10 mmol/kg b.w.), thus suggesting that the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma may be the result of liver damage.

Safe dental amalgam removal in patients with immuno-toxic reactions to mercury / G. Guzzi, C. Minoia, P. Pigatto, A. Ronchi, A. Gatti, s. Angeleri, O. Formichi. - In: TOXICOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 0378-4274. - 144:Suppl 1(2003), pp. 35-36. ((Intervento presentato al 41. convegno EUROTOX tenutosi a Florence nel 2003.

Safe dental amalgam removal in patients with immuno-toxic reactions to mercury

P. Pigatto;
2003

Abstract

Trifluoroacetylated (TFA)-protein adducts were investigated by immunoblotting in liver and plasma of guinea pigs treated with the hepatotoxic anaesthetic halothane or the chlorofluorocarbon replacement 1,1-dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123). Male outbred Hartley guinea pigs (320-400 g) were administered HCFC-123 (1, 5, 10 and 15 mmol/kg b.w.) or halothane (positive control, 10 mmol/kg b.w.) i.p. in corn oil. Blood and liver samples were collected 24 h after administration of HCFC-123 or halothane. Immunoreactive bands were demonstrated in liver microsomes at all HCFC-123 and halothane concentrations, and in plasma of animals treated with 10 and 15 mmol/kg b.w. HCFC-123 and 10 mmol/kg b.w. halothane, while no alteration of microsomal P450 content or monooxygenase activities markers of the P450 2A, 2E1 and 2B isoforms was observed. Instead, when HCFC-123 was administered at doses of 1 and 5 mmol/kg b.w., the 2E1-dependent p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activity was enhanced. The presence of TFA-proteins in plasma was always associated with hepatic damage. However, mild liver damage in some animals treated with 1 or 5 mmol/kg b.w. HCFC-123 was not associated with the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma. This indicates a lower threshold dose for the appearance of TFA-proteins or damage in the liver (1 mmol/kg b.w.) than for the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma (10 mmol/kg b.w.), thus suggesting that the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma may be the result of liver damage.
Cytochrome P450; Halothane; HCFC-123; Liver microsomes; Plasma; Trifluoroacetylated-proteins
Settore MED/35 - Malattie Cutanee e Veneree
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/196575
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