Throughout evolution, organisms have devised strategies to limit fertility in case of prolonged starvation. In mammals, the liver plays a central role in the orchestration of mechanisms allowing for the maintenance of energy homeostasis. We here demonstrate that dietary amino acids regulate the transcriptional activity of hepatic estrogen receptor alpha (ERE alpha) through an mTOR-dependent mechanism. As a result of ER alpha activation, hepatic IGF-1 mRNA and blood IGF-1 are increased. Conversely, calorie restriction or selective ablation of ER alpha in the liver decrease blood IGF-1 to levels inadequate for the correct proliferation of the lumen epithelium in the uterus and the progression of the estrous cycle. We propose that the liver acts as critical mediator of energetic and reproductive functions responsible for the blockade of the estrous cycle in case of protein scarcity. Our findings may provide novel insights to understand the cause of selected forms of infertility and metabolic alterations in women after menopause.

Amino Acid-Dependent Activation of Liver Estrogen Receptor Alpha Integrates Metabolic and Reproductive Functions via IGF-1 / S. Della Torre, G. Rando, C. Meda, A. Stell, P. Chambon, A. Krust, C. Ibarra, P. Magni, P. Ciana, A. Maggi. - In: CELL METABOLISM. - ISSN 1550-4131. - 13:2(2011 Feb 02), pp. 205-214.

Amino Acid-Dependent Activation of Liver Estrogen Receptor Alpha Integrates Metabolic and Reproductive Functions via IGF-1

S. Della Torre;G. Rando;C. Meda;A. Stell;P. Magni;P. Ciana;A. Maggi
2011-02-02

Abstract

Throughout evolution, organisms have devised strategies to limit fertility in case of prolonged starvation. In mammals, the liver plays a central role in the orchestration of mechanisms allowing for the maintenance of energy homeostasis. We here demonstrate that dietary amino acids regulate the transcriptional activity of hepatic estrogen receptor alpha (ERE alpha) through an mTOR-dependent mechanism. As a result of ER alpha activation, hepatic IGF-1 mRNA and blood IGF-1 are increased. Conversely, calorie restriction or selective ablation of ER alpha in the liver decrease blood IGF-1 to levels inadequate for the correct proliferation of the lumen epithelium in the uterus and the progression of the estrous cycle. We propose that the liver acts as critical mediator of energetic and reproductive functions responsible for the blockade of the estrous cycle in case of protein scarcity. Our findings may provide novel insights to understand the cause of selected forms of infertility and metabolic alterations in women after menopause.
growth-factor-I; cell-proliferation; hormone neurons; insulin-resistance; mouse-liver; food-intake; life-Span; ER-alpha; expression; mice
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
CELL METABOLISM
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/196445
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