The high affinity receptor for GM-CSF consists of a unique alpha subunit and a beta subunit that is shared with receptors for IL-3 and IL-5. Activation of GM-CSF receptor (GMR) triggers two distinct cytoplasmic signalling pathways, JAK2 and Ras, and is sufficient to maintain proliferation of growth factor-dependent cell lines. Shc proteins are phosphorylated upon activation of GMR and may be involved in the transmission of GM-CSF signals to Ras. To define the role of Shc proteins in cells stimulated with GM-CSF, we investigated both the network of interactions that involve Shc after GM-CSF stimulation and the effects of overexpressing Shc proteins on the proliferative response to GM-CSF. Two cytoplasmic complexes, Grb2/Sos and Grb2/p140 bind through the Grb2 SH2 domain to phosphorylated Shc, and are thereby recruited to the beta subunit. Both complexes are stable, even in the absence of ligand, and depend on the direct association of p140 and Sos respectively with the SH3 domains of Grb2. p140 is an uncharacterized protein constitutively phosphorylated on tyrosine and, in its Grb2-bound form, expressed only in hematopoietic cells, the oligomeric complex formed by phosphorylated beta subunit-phosphorylated Shc-Grb2-SoS-p140 is also induced by IL-3 and L-5 stimulation of growth-factor dependent cell lines. Overexpression of wild-type Shc proteins in growth factor-dependent cells increases both MAP kinase activation and proliferation in response to GM-CSF. These effects require the association of Shc with Grb2. Taken together these results indicate that phosphorylation of Shc proteins is a crucial step in the transmission of GM-CSF proliferative stimuli, since it creates a high affinity binding site for the Grb2/SoS complex, whose function is to activate Ras and, for the Grb2/p140 complex, whose function remains unknown.
|Titolo:||Overexpression of Shc proteins potentiates the proliferative response to the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and recruitment of Grb2/SoS and Grb2/p140 complexes to the beta receptor subunit|
PELICCI, PIER GIUSEPPE (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; Humans; Membrane Proteins; Genes, ras; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Phosphoproteins; Phosphorylation; Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; Son of Sevenless Proteins; Interleukin-3; GRB2 Adaptor Protein; Interleukin-5; Proteins; Cell Division|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2-mar-1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|