Certain sulfonates, like phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), carbamates, and phosphinates, when given prior to neuropathic doses of organophosphates such as diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate (DFP), protect hens from organophosphate-induced delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP). Protection was related to inhibition of the putative target of OPIDP, which is called Neuropathy Target Esterase (NTE). NTE inhibition above 70-80% in the nervous system of hens followed by a molecular rearrangement called aging initiates OPIDP. PMSF and other protective chemicals inhibit NTE but OPIDP does not develop because aging cannot occur. DFP (1 mg/kg sc) inhibited NTE above 70-80% in peripheral nerve and caused OPIDP in hens. Lower doses (0.3 and 0.5 mg/kg sc) caused about 40-60% NTE inhibition and no or marginal OPIDP. Chlorpyrifos (90 mg/kg po) also caused OPIDP. When repeated (30 mg/kg sc daily for 9 days) or single (5-120 mg/kg sc) doses of PMSF were given after either DFP or chlorpyrifos, OPIDP developed in birds treated with nonneuropathic doses of DFP and was more severe in birds treated with chlorpyrifos or higher doses of DFP. PMSF increased NTE inhibition to greater than 90%. Promotion of OPIDP with a single dose of PMSF (120 mg/kg sc) was obtained in birds up to 11 days after a marginally neuropathic dose of DFP (0.5 mg/kg sc). Promotion was also obtained with phenyl N-methyl N-benzyl carbamate (40 mg/kg iv) but not with non-NTE inhibitors in vivo such as paraoxon or benzenesulfonyl fluoride when given at maximum tolerated doses. These results indicate that protection from OPIDP is only one effect of PMSF because promotion of OPIDP is also observed depending upon the sequence of dosing. Either effect is always related to the doses of PMSF, which inhibit NTE.
Promotion of organophosphate-induced delayed polyneuropathy by phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride / M. Lotti, S. Caroldi, E. Capodicasa, A. Moretto. - In: TOXICOLOGY AND APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0041-008X. - 108:2(1991 Apr), pp. 234-41-241.
|Titolo:||Promotion of organophosphate-induced delayed polyneuropathy by phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride|
MORETTO, ANGELO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Isoflurophate; Nervous System Diseases; Structure-Activity Relationship; Chickens; Organophosphorus Compounds; Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases; Carbamates; Drug Synergism; Time Factors; Female; Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0041-008X(91)90114-T|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|