Aluminosilicates can present different structures such as crystalline true zeolite molecular sieves or amorphous silica-aluminas. With a large surface area available, both can be involved as catalysts, adsorbents or catalyst supports, and the determination of their surface acidic properties is an important parameter in the study of such materials. The number, strength and strength distribution of the acidic sites were determined using microcalorimetry linked to a volumetric line. Ammonia was used as a basic probe molecule. The adsorption temperatures ranged from 353 K up to 473 K. The samples consisted of two amorphous silica-aluminas (Si/Al ≈ 6.5) and three microporous zeolites H-β, H-ZSM-5 and H-MCM-22 with similar Si/Al ratios (Si/Al ≈ 13). The differential heats of ammonia adsorption versus coverage and the corresponding isotherms are given. The H-ZSM-5, H-MCM-22, H-β samples display a plateau of constant adsorption heats near 150 kJ mol-1, while the silica-alumina samples present continuously decreasing heats from 150 kJ mol-1 at zero coverage to 40 kJ mol-1 at high coverage, due to their surface heterogeneity. For amorphous silica-aluminas, the number of acid sites is dependent of the aluminum distribution at the surface. The differences observed in the adsorption behavior of ammonia over the three zeolites arise from differences in their morphology, i.e. the total free volumes, pore geometries and electric field gradients at the adsorption sites. The adsorption isosteres have also been calculated from the adsorption isotherms, and the isosteric heats of adsorption have been compared with the heats measured by calorimetry.
|Titolo:||Calorimetric determination of the acidic character of amorphous and crystalline aluminosilicates|
GERVASINI, ANTONELLA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.tca.2003.10.031|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|