The acute promyelocytic leukemia 15;17 chromosomal translocation fuses the PML gene to the RAR alpha locus. The resulting chimeric gene encodes for a putative PML-RAR alpha fusion protein. PML is a putative transcriptional factor and RAR alpha is one of the nuclear retinoic acid receptors through which retinoic acid regulates gene expression. In this study, we investigated the retinoid binding and biochemical properties of the PML-RAR alpha protein by size exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography and immunoblot analysis and compared them with those of normal RAR alpha. The introduction of the expression vector PSG5/PML-RAR alpha into COS-1 cells led to high levels of expression of the PML-RAR alpha fusion protein. This protein was primarily localized in the nucleus and bound retinoids with the same affinity and specificity as the wild type RAR alpha receptor. The PML-RAR alpha fusion protein, but not the RAR alpha, was found in high molecular weight complexes with either itself or other nuclear factors. In the acute promyelocytic leukemia-derived cell line NB4, which contains the t(15;17) chromosomal marker, the PML-RAR alpha product was also found as a high molecular complex. The interaction of the PML-RAR alpha with itself or with other nuclear proteins may be important in understanding the role of the PML-RAR alpha fusion protein in promyelocytic leukemogenesis.
|Titolo:||Characterization of the PML-RAR alpha chimeric product of the acute promyelocytic leukemia-specific t(15;17) translocation|
PELICCI, PIER GIUSEPPE (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Immunoblotting; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17; Receptors, Retinoic Acid; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15; Transcription Factors; Carrier Proteins; Humans; Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute; Tretinoin; Recombinant Fusion Proteins; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Translocation, Genetic|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-lug-1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|