The effect of cryopreservation on boar sperm viability, motility, lipid content and antioxidant enzymatic activities was studied. Three classes of semen were determined according to a cluster analysis on the basis of the proportion of live and dead cells after freezing and thawing. The classes identified were: high (H, n = 4), average (A, n = 12) and low (L, n = 3) viability. The concentration of sperm cells decreased from class H to A to L. Fresh semen samples with higher viability and a higher proportion of motile cells also maintained better quality after the freezing and thawing procedure. Sperm viability and motility in both fresh and thawed samples were similar in classes H and A, while significantly lower values were measured in class L. The relative decrease in sperm viability and motility after cryopreservation increased from class H to A to L. The lipid content of spermatozoa (μg per 109 cells) increased significantly after freezing and thawing in classes H and A but not in class L. This result indicated that active sperm lipid metabolism might be responsible for the increase in lipid content. Phospholipid and triacylglycerol contents increased whereas free cholesterol content decreased after thawing. The fatty acid composition of fresh spermatozoa was similar in all three classes. The proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids decreased significantly after freezing and thawing, indicating contamination from the diluent or peroxidation. After freezing and thawing, superoxide dismutase activity in spermatozoa was significantly higher in class L than in classes H and A, which did not differ from each other.
|Titolo:||changes in sperm quality and lipid composition during cryopreservation of boar semen|
CEROLINI, SILVIA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.theriogenology.2004.09.021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|