To evaluate factors associated with initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Italy, 1601 (73%) respondents among 2192 randomly selected mothers were interviewed within 1 mo of delivery. Mothers who started breastfeeding (85%) were followed-up for 12 mo. A compliance rate of 100% was obtained. At multiple logistic regression analysis, mother having been breastfed herself (p < 0.01), nursing guidance in the maternity ward (p = 0.01) and higher social class (p = 0.03) were positively associated with initiation of breastfeeding. We found that 42%, 19%, 10% and 4% mothers were still breastfeeding at 3, 6, 9 and 12 mo after delivery, respectively. Cox multiple regression analysis showed a negative association between duration of breastfeeding and pacifier use (p < 0.01), and a positive association with a higher level of maternal education (p = 0.04). Formula supplementation in the maternity ward (given to 30% of infants) was associated with a shorter duration of exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.03). Mothers need support with breastfeeding, particularly those from lower social backgrounds and with lower levels of education. Early use of the pacifier should be discouraged.
Factors associated with initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Italy / E. Riva, G. Banderali, C. Agostoni, M. Silano, G. Radaelli, M. Giovannini. - In: ACTA PAEDIATRICA. - ISSN 0803-5253. - 88:4(1999 Apr), pp. 411-415.
|Titolo:||Factors associated with initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Italy|
RIVA, ENRICA LICIA (Primo)
GIOVANNINI, MARCELLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Age Factors; Motivation; Breast Feeding; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Italy; Socioeconomic Factors; Demography; Smoking; Time; Logistic Models; Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Maternal Age; Adult; Infant Food; Female|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08035259950169792|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|