BACKGROUND: In order to clarify the variable behaviour of transitional cell bladder carcinomas (TCBC) with same clinico-pathologic pattern, we investigated the prognostic significance of various biomarkers (PCNA, DNA, apoptosis, karyotype). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 177 superficial TCBC (stage T1) undergoing transurethral resection (TUR). Analysis of biological indicators was performed on serial paraffin sections: DNA by static cytometry, karyotype by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), PCNA and apoptosis by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The most salient results are represented by prevalence of diploidy (56%), a mean PCNA labeling index (PCNA-LI) of 8.2%, nonrandom trisomies and tetrasomies of chromosome 7, and a high presence of apoptosis (in 72% of cases). These data were not related to histological grading. Multivariate analysis showed that only PCNA-LI is a an independent prognostic marker for patient survival (p = 0.01). Besides, we observed a worse prognosis in the presence of both very high PCNA indices and low or absent apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that tumor prognostic potential in TCBC should be evaluated on the basis of the association between PCNA cell kinetics and cell apoptosis information.
|Titolo:||The role of different biomarkers (DNA, PCNA, apoptosis and karyotype) in prognostic evaluation of superficial transitional cell bladder carcinoma.|
LAVEZZI, ANNA MARIA (Primo)
MATTURRI, LUIGI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Apoptosis; Bladder carcinoma; DNA; Karyotype; PCNA; Prognosis; Superficial transitional cell-biomarkers|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|