Retinoid receptors behave as ligand-dependent transcriptional regulators, repressing transcription in the absence of ligand and activating transcription in its presence. The different effects on transcription are carried out through recruitment of co-regulators: unliganded receptors bind corepressors (NCoR and SMRT) that are found within a complex containing histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity, whereas liganded receptors recruit coactivators with histone acetylase activity (HATs). Chromatin remodeling activities have also shown to be required, suggesting a hierarchy of promoter structure modifications in RA target genes carried out by multiple coregulatory complexes. In this review, we examine the experimental evidence for the model just sketched. We focus on recent findings highlighting new molecular details in receptor-coregulator interactions, including the discovery and initial characterisation of novel complexes with multiple chromatin modifying activities. Finally, we look at the role of aberrant recruitment of the NCoRHDAC complex by altered retinoid receptors in the pathogenesis of acute promyelocytic leukemia. These results point to a crucial role for control of transcription factor coregulator interactions in the regulation of cellular processes, and suggest new molecular targets for cancer therapy.
|Titolo:||Retinoid receptors in health and disease: co-regulators and the chromatin connection|
PELICCI, PIER GIUSEPPE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Histone acetylation; Nuclear co-activators; Nuclear co-repressors; Retinoids; RXR-RAR heterodimers|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1006/scdb.1999.0303|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|