The effect of hydrocortisone (HC) on in vitro human polymorphonuclear leukocyte cytotoxicity was studied. HC was able to inhibit reversibly and in a dose-dependent way the antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and the phytohemagglutinin-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (PDCC). The killing defect was partially overcome by increasing the antibody or the phytohemagglutinin (PHA) concentrations on the target cells. HC inhibited the PDCC more efficiently than ADCC; in fact the inhibition was present even at 10-5 M HC levels. Higher concentrations caused a progressive reduction in both tests. Inhibition of these PMN-mediated cytotoxicities may explain, in part, bot the anti-inflammatory actions of steroids and their deleterious effects on host defenses.
|Titolo:||Inhibition of polymorphonuclear leukocyte-mediated cytotoxicity by hydrocortisone "in vitro"|
CAPSONI, FRANCO (Primo)
MERONI, PIERLUIGI (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cytotoxicity, Immunologic; Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity; Hydrocortisone; Neutrophils; Phytohemagglutinins; Humans|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-1981|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|