BACKGROUND: Low oxygen (O(2)) availability, a condition called hypoxia, has different and profound consequences in tissues and organs. Besides the hypoxia-inducible response, mammalian cells induce a coordinated cytoprotective pathway called Unfolded Protein Response (UPR). We studied the molecular basis of UPR and apoptosis in animal models exposed to different hypoxic stresses and assessed the ability of liver and myocardium to respond to low oxygen by activating different arms of the UPR according to the severity of the insults in a tissue specific manner. METHODS: We assessed the levels of several UPR markers in hypoxic animals by Real Time PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: While the hepatocytes activate the apoptotic pathway mediated, in part, by CHOP and p-JNK, we could not detect an UPR-dependent apoptosis in myocytes. Moreover, severe hypoxia results in ATF4 translation, and induction of CHOP and GADD34 transcripts in liver, by contrast in the myocardium, the ATF4-CHOP-GADD34 signaling pathway is not detectably activated. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Comparison of several UPR markers in liver and myocardium enabled to underscore the ability of hepatocytes and myocites to selectively activate and fine tune the UPR signaling pathway during hypoxia in vivo.

In vivo up-regulation of the unfolded protein response after hypoxia / L. Tagliavacca, A. Caretti, P. Bianciardi, M. Samaja. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - 1820:7(2012 Jul), pp. 900-906. [10.1016/j.bbagen.2012.02.016]

In vivo up-regulation of the unfolded protein response after hypoxia

L. Tagliavacca;A. Caretti;P. Bianciardi;M. Samaja
2012-07

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Low oxygen (O(2)) availability, a condition called hypoxia, has different and profound consequences in tissues and organs. Besides the hypoxia-inducible response, mammalian cells induce a coordinated cytoprotective pathway called Unfolded Protein Response (UPR). We studied the molecular basis of UPR and apoptosis in animal models exposed to different hypoxic stresses and assessed the ability of liver and myocardium to respond to low oxygen by activating different arms of the UPR according to the severity of the insults in a tissue specific manner. METHODS: We assessed the levels of several UPR markers in hypoxic animals by Real Time PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: While the hepatocytes activate the apoptotic pathway mediated, in part, by CHOP and p-JNK, we could not detect an UPR-dependent apoptosis in myocytes. Moreover, severe hypoxia results in ATF4 translation, and induction of CHOP and GADD34 transcripts in liver, by contrast in the myocardium, the ATF4-CHOP-GADD34 signaling pathway is not detectably activated. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Comparison of several UPR markers in liver and myocardium enabled to underscore the ability of hepatocytes and myocites to selectively activate and fine tune the UPR signaling pathway during hypoxia in vivo.
Apoptosis; Hypoxia; In vivo animal models; Unfolded protein response
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/194462
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