Three novel Gd chelates containing on their external surface pendant phosphonate and carboxylate groups, which promote the interaction with the positively charged groups of polyornithine and polyarginine, have been synthesized. Their solution structures have been assessed on the basis of H-1- and P-31-NMR spectra of the Eu and Yb analogues. A thorough investigation of the relaxometric (H-1 and O-17) Properties of the Gd chelates has been carried out and the observed relaxivities have been accounted for the sum of three contributions arising from water molecules in the first, second, and outer coordination layers, respectively. It has been found that the occurrence of a tight second coordination coating renders the dissociation of the water molecule directly coordinated to the Gd ion more difficult. The binding interactions between the negatively charged Gd chelates and the positively charged groups of polyornithine (ca. 140 residues) and polyarginine (ca. 204 residues) have been evaluated by means of the proton relaxation enhancement (PRE) method. Although the binding interaction decreases markedly in the presence of competitive anions in the solution medium, the affinity is strong enough that in blood serum it is possible to meet the conditions where most of the chelate is bound to the polyamino acid substrate. On this basis one may envisage a novel route for a MRI location of tumors as it is known that positively charged polyamino acids selectively bind to tumors having a greater negative charge than non-tumor cells.
|Titolo:||Non-covalent conjugates between cationic polyamino acids and Gd-III chelates: A route for seeking accumulation of MRI-contrast agents at tumor targeting sites|
|Parole Chiave:||Lanthanides; MRI contrast agents; Polycations|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/1521-3765(20000717)6:14<2609::AID-CHEM2609>3.0.CO;2-S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|