Direct radioreceptor binding experiments and Scatchard analysis reveal CCK receptors on elutriator purified human peripheral blood monocytes, but not on purified human T cells. The monocyte receptors have a single class of high (0.1 nM) affinity binding sites. A structure-function analysis of monocyte binding by different CCK analogs correlates well with previously demonstrated chemotactic responses in monocytes and receptors in brain tissue. Biochemical cross-linking indicates that the monocyte CCK recognition molecule is comparable in molecular size to that in brain membranes. Utilizing a novel fluoresceinated Texas Red-CCK conjugate we have visualized that up to 20% of human peripheral monocytes bear receptors for CCK. A discrete and anatomically significant distribution of CCK receptors in rat spleen is shown by film autoradiography of tissue sections. A more detailed microscopic analysis identifies a dendritic population of monocyte-derived cells within the periarteriolar lymphocyte sheath (PALS) of the white pulp as the CCK receptor-bearing cell in spleen. The anatomical localization of receptor-bearing cells within the PALS region suggests a role for CCK in the antigen processing and sensitization phases of the immune response via regulatory effects of this peptide on a specific, local macrophage-related cell population.
|Titolo:||Visualization of cholecystokinin receptors on a subset of human monocytes and in rat spleen|
SACERDOTE, PAOLA GIUSEPPINA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Autoradiography; Binding; Cholecystokinin; Dendritic cells; Macrophage; Neuroimmunomodulation; Neuropeptide; Receptors; Spleen|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0196-9781(91)90184-Q|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|