With the help of a simple 20-letter lattice model of heteropolymers, we investigated the energy landscape in the space of designed good-folder sequences. Low-energy sequences form clusters, interconnected via neutral networks, in the space of sequences. Residues that play a key role in the foldability of the chain and in the stability of the native state are highly conserved, even among the chains belonging to different clusters. If, according to the interaction matrix, some strong attractive interactions are almost degenerate (i.e., they can be realized by more than one type of amino acid contacts), sequence clusters group into a few superclusters. Sequences belonging to different superclusters are dissimilar, displaying very small (≃10%) similarity, and residues in key sites are, as a rule, not conserved. Similar behavior is observed in the analysis of real protein sequences. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Titolo:||Hiking in the energy landscape in sequence space: a bumpy road to good folders|
TIANA, GUIDO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Lattice model; Protein evolution; Protein folding|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|