Because phosphodiesterase (PDE) expression and activity are controlled by cAMP, we investigated whether activating mutations of Gs alpha gene that occur in human GH-secreting adenomas are associated with increased PDE activity. We studied 10 adenomas with wild-type Gs alpha (gsp-) and 8 with mutant Gs alpha (gsp+). Although, in the absence of PDE inhibitors, intracellular cAMP levels were similar in gsp+ e gsp- adenomas, the PDE blockade with 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine induced a marked increase in cAMP in all but one gsp+ adenoma (% increase: from 77 to 2900) and a slight rise in only 2 gsp-. Similar results were obtained with the PDE4 selective inhibitor 4-[3-(cyclopentyloxy)-4-methoxyphenyl)]-2-pyrrolidinone. In vitro GH release was significantly higher in gsp+ than in gsp- adenomas (315 +/- 158 vs. 82 +/- 53 micrograms/well; P < 0.01), and PDE blockade caused a further increase in 3 of 5 gsp+ adenomas but not in gsp- tumors. By direct measurement, PDE activity was about 7-fold higher in gsp+ than in gsp- adenomas (320 +/- 213 vs. 48 +/- 23 pmol/min.mg protein; P < 0.05) and was largely 4-[3-(cyclopentyloxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2-pyrrolidinone sensitive. This study first demonstrates that activating mutations of the Gs alpha gene that naturally occur in pituitary adenomas is associated with an increased PDE activity that might, at least partially, counteract the constitutive activation of the cAMP-dependent pathway.

Constitutively active Gs alpha is associated with an increased phosphodiesterase activity in human growth hormone-secreting adenomas / A. Lania, L. Persani, E. Ballaré, S. Mantovani, M. Losa, A. Spada. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0021-972X. - 83:5(1998 May), pp. 1624-8-1628.

Constitutively active Gs alpha is associated with an increased phosphodiesterase activity in human growth hormone-secreting adenomas

A. Lania
Primo
;
L. Persani
Secondo
;
E. Ballaré;A. Spada
Ultimo
1998

Abstract

Because phosphodiesterase (PDE) expression and activity are controlled by cAMP, we investigated whether activating mutations of Gs alpha gene that occur in human GH-secreting adenomas are associated with increased PDE activity. We studied 10 adenomas with wild-type Gs alpha (gsp-) and 8 with mutant Gs alpha (gsp+). Although, in the absence of PDE inhibitors, intracellular cAMP levels were similar in gsp+ e gsp- adenomas, the PDE blockade with 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine induced a marked increase in cAMP in all but one gsp+ adenoma (% increase: from 77 to 2900) and a slight rise in only 2 gsp-. Similar results were obtained with the PDE4 selective inhibitor 4-[3-(cyclopentyloxy)-4-methoxyphenyl)]-2-pyrrolidinone. In vitro GH release was significantly higher in gsp+ than in gsp- adenomas (315 +/- 158 vs. 82 +/- 53 micrograms/well; P < 0.01), and PDE blockade caused a further increase in 3 of 5 gsp+ adenomas but not in gsp- tumors. By direct measurement, PDE activity was about 7-fold higher in gsp+ than in gsp- adenomas (320 +/- 213 vs. 48 +/- 23 pmol/min.mg protein; P < 0.05) and was largely 4-[3-(cyclopentyloxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2-pyrrolidinone sensitive. This study first demonstrates that activating mutations of the Gs alpha gene that naturally occur in pituitary adenomas is associated with an increased PDE activity that might, at least partially, counteract the constitutive activation of the cAMP-dependent pathway.
1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine; Human Growth Hormone; Humans; Aged; Enzyme Inhibitors; Pituitary Neoplasms; GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Adult; Middle Aged; Glycoproteins; Adenoma; Mutation; Female; Male
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/193998
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